Monthly Archives: June 2007

Using dictionaries rather than complex if-elif-else clauses

Lately, I’ve been using dictionaries as a dispatching mechanism. It seems especially elegant when I face some fairly elaborate switching logic.

For example, instead of:


if a == 1 and b == 1:
    log("everything worked!")
    commit()


elif a == 1 and b == 0:
    log("a good, b bad")
    report_that_b_failed()


else:
    log("a failed")
    report_that_a_failed()

Do this:


d = {
    (1, 1): commit,
    (1, 0): report_that_b_failed,
    (0, 0): report_that_a_failed
}


k = (a, b)
f = d[k]
f()

This approach is also really useful when you face the need to change logic based on runtime values. You can imagine that d might be built after parsing an XML file.

How to have a better cygwin terminal

Cygwin is a wonderful tool. However, I don’t really like the default terminal. This article shows how to set up an rxvt terminal instead.

This is a screenshot of the default cygwin bash prompt:

cropped-dos-terminal.png

Copying and pasting is not intuitive, you can’t stretch the box horizontally, and most importantly, it breaks the illusion that I’m on a Unix box. But a better terminal option exists! When you install cygwin, you can also install the rxvt package. After installing the rxvt package, try this in a DOS window:

C:cygwinbinrxvt.exe -fg gray -bg MidnightBlue -fn "Lucida Console-14" -e bash --login -i

You should see a terminal like this:

cropped-rxvt-terminal

As far as I can tell from my experience, this terminal acts exactly like a regular rxvt terminal on a linux box. I can highlight some text with my mouse, and then paste it by hitting either shift+insert or by hitting the middle mouse button. I can resize the terminal horizontally and vertically.

I set up a taskbar icon so that I can get that rxvt very quickly. The icon before the right-most icon will start an rxvt terminal for me.

startbar

Setting it up was really simple. I made a new shortcut by right-clicking on my desktop, then I copied this text:

C:cygwinbinrxvt.exe -fg gray -bg MidnightBlue -fn "Lucida Console-14" -e bash --login -i

into the target field:

shortcut

Then I hit OK, and then dragged the new shortcut into the taskbar, and that’s it!